How Do Personal Loans Affect Your Credit Score?

Nov 21st 2023

How Do Personal Loans Affect Your Credit Score? Who doesn’t need extra money, whether in the form of savings or a personal loan? If you know how to manage the funds correctly, nothing can stop you from achieving your goals. Nowadays, most people do all monetary transactions online. Hence, it is necessary to be cautious about maintaining a good credit score. 

Taking a personal loan doesn’t affect your credit score; it gets affected when you do not pay the EMIs on time. No doubt, there is always a grace period to pay the installments, ensure you pay the EMIs timely and pay off the loan completely. Otherwise, delay or negligence in loan repayment can adversely affect your credit score. On the other hand, making timely online personal loan payments will boost your overall credit history, showing that Personal Loans Affect Your Credit Score positively. Not only personal loans, but any other loans can also hurt your credit score if the payment is delayed and inconsistent. Any delayed payment can hit your credit score badly. Your credit score may fluctuate as per your payment behaviour.

Debt from any sort of credit product can negatively impact your credit, and a personal loan is no different. But, if handled properly, personal loans can also be beneficial for your credit.

Positive Effects Of Personal Loans On Credit

A personal loan can benefit you by adding to your credit mix and improving your payment history. If used to consolidate debt, it can also help with your credit utilization ratio.

1. Payment history- Your ability to pay on time accounts for 35 percent of your FICO score — the largest portion. Consistent, on-time payments on your personal loan will increase your score over time.

2. Credit mix- Credit mix — or the diversity of your accounts — is 10 percent of your FICO score. If you have two credit cards, for example, a personal loan would expand your credit mix and could help improve your score.

3. Credit utilization ratio- Using a personal loan to consolidate credit card debt can improve your credit utilization ratio, which makes up 30 percent of your FICO score. That is because credit utilization measures how much of your available credit is compromised by revolving debt.

Negative Effects Of Personal Loans On Credit

A personal loan may lower the total age of your accounts and increase the amount owed a portion of your credit – both of which can lower your score.

1. Missed payments- The same way on-time payments can boost your score if a lender reports late or missed payments to the credit bureaus, this can lower your credit for up to seven years.

2. Amount owed- When you take out a personal loan, the amount owed a  portion of your credit also increases.

3. Hard inquiry- Any time you apply for a loan, lenders will run a hard credit pull. This will temporarily drop your score by as much as 10 points. However, your score should go up again in the following months after you start making payments.

When To Consider Taking Out A Personal Loan?

Personal loans are an important tool for financing large expenses like home renovations and debt consolidation. 

1. You don’t have many open accounts

If you’re just getting started, you may not have any credit history. A personal loan is a good way to start building your history since it will have a term of two to five years — and then stay on your credit report for up to seven once you finish paying it off.

2. You only have revolving debts

Credit mix is a small portion of your score, but it still matters. If you only have credit cards, a personal loan can add diversity to your credit mix, showing lenders you are financially responsible enough to handle a variety of debt.

How a Personal Loan Can Boost Your Credit Score?

Taking out a personal loan can positively impact your credit score by diversifying your credit mix. Timely repayments demonstrate responsible financial behaviour, contributing to a healthier credit history and potentially raising your credit score over time. 

What Credit Score Is Needed for a Personal Loan?

A CIBIL score ranges between 300 and 900. You should ideally have a score that is closer to 900 as it helps you get better deals on loans and credit cards. Generally, a CIBIL score of 750 and ‘above is considered an ideal cibil/credit score by the majority of lenders. You can get a personal loan with a CIBIL of 750 and above. As per CIBIL data loans get approved if the score is more than 750.

Lenders need to be sure that you have the ability to repay the borrowed sum before they approve your loan application. Your credit score helps assess your risk of default. If you have a high score it suggests you have been a responsible borrower and paid your credit card bills and EMIs on time. A lower score increases your risk of defaulting on the loan.

What Can I Use A Personal Loan For?

  • Personal Loan for Debt Consolidation

Paying off multiple debts can become difficult, especially when these loans have high interest rate charges. To keep track of multiple loans and their EMIs can be a tiresome job. However, taking a Personal Loan gives you the advantage of consolidating and paying off all your outstanding balances into one monthly payment at a lower interest rate. 

For Debt Consolidation to be a reasonable decision, always make sure that the overall monthly payment does not exceed your current payments. Thus, saving you money and the effort of managing multiple monthly debt payments.

  • Loan for Purchasing Expensive Goods

With the latest products, jewellery, or upgrading old household appliances, etc. the list of needs is endless. For such expenses where your savings are falling short, choose a small tenure Personal Loan. A Personal Loan helps any financial crunch big or small for any need. Especially for small purchases, a Personal Loan can be the best option. 

  • Loan for Medical Emergency Expenses

Sudden medical emergencies can be a financial burden, leaving you with a short time to arrange money. Unplanned financial expenses can be a problem with a shortage of liquid funds. 

  • Personal Loan for Wedding

Marriages today are grand and lavish celebrations that come with a fair share of frills, thrills and, unfortunately, bills. Taking a Personal Loan for a wedding allows you to plan your big day just the way you always dreamed it would be. While it sounds attractive, make sure to evaluate all the factors depending on your budget and compare types of loans to get the ideal financial solution. 

While a dream wedding can be an exciting thought, it comes with its fair share of expenses, you should be prudent in planning your big day to not leave your savings dry at the end of the day. One should always choose a Personal Loan for a wedding that comes with a low interest rate and flexible repayment tenure.


1. Do personal loans affect my credit score?

Yes, personal loans can impact your credit score. Taking out a loan adds to your credit mix and can influence your credit utilization ratio.

2. How does a personal loan impact my credit score?

Applying for a personal loan triggers a hard inquiry, temporarily lowering your score. Timely payments improve your credit, while defaults or late payments can harm it.

3. What role does credit utilization play with personal loans?

Personal loans affect credit utilization indirectly. As installment debt, they don’t impact your credit utilization ratio like credit cards, but lenders consider your overall debt when assessing risk.

4. Is it better to pay off a personal loan early for my credit score?

Paying off a personal loan early may not significantly boost your credit score. Consistent, on-time payments are more crucial for credit health.

5. Can a personal loan negatively impact my credit if I miss payments?

Yes, missed payments on a personal loan can significantly damage your credit score. It’s crucial to meet payment deadlines to maintain a positive credit history.

6. How long does a personal loan stay on my credit report?

Personal loans typically stay on your credit report for seven years, whether paid off or not. Timely payments contribute positively as time progresses.

7. Does shopping for the best personal loan rates hurt my credit score?

Multiple loan inquiries within a short period usually count as a single inquiry, minimizing the impact on your credit score. It’s wise to shop for rates within a specific timeframe.

8. Can a personal loan help improve my credit score?

If managed responsibly, a personal loan can positively impact your credit by diversifying your credit mix and showcasing your ability to handle different types of debt.

The Conclusion

Personal loans can influence your credit score. When you apply, there’s a temporary dip due to the hard inquiry. Responsible management, including on-time payments, can boost your score over time, indicating your creditworthiness. However, defaulting or late payments may have adverse effects. Balance this borrowing carefully to harness positive credit impact.


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